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Types of Periodontal Disease

Types of Periodontal Disease

Are you experiencing gum inflammation, bleeding, or persistent bad breath? These could be signs of periodontal disease, a common yet often overlooked condition affecting many adults. At Gen Z Dentistry, we're dedicated to providing comprehensive periodontal care to our patients in Glendale, NY.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection of the structures around the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. It typically starts with the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on the teeth. If not removed through proper oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing, plaque can harden into tartar, leading to gum inflammation and infection.

Types of Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease and often the first stage. Symptoms include red, swollen, and tender gums that may bleed during brushing or flossing. However, gingivitis can be reversed with proper oral hygiene and professional dental cleanings.

Periodontitis: If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease. Periodontitis involves the inflammation and infection of the gums, causing them to pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that collect debris and bacteria. Over time, the bone and connective tissues that hold teeth in place can be damaged, leading to tooth loss.

There are different types of periodontitis, including:

  • Chronic Periodontitis: This is the most common form of periodontitis, characterized by slow progression and inflammation.
  • Aggressive Periodontitis: This type progresses rapidly and is more common in younger individuals. It can result in severe bone loss and tooth loss if not treated promptly.
  • Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: This is a rare but severe form of periodontitis characterized by tissue death, or necrosis, of the gums, ligaments, and bone. It is often associated with underlying health conditions or a weakened immune system.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Recognizing the signs of periodontal disease is crucial for timely intervention. Look out for these symptoms:

  • Gums that are red, swollen, or tender
  • Gums that bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing
  • Receding gums, making teeth appear longer
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting

Why Treatment is Essential

Ignoring periodontal disease can have serious consequences for your oral health and overall well-being. Studies suggest that the infection associated with periodontal disease can spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream, potentially affecting vital organs such as the heart and lungs. Furthermore, advanced periodontitis is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults, highlighting the importance of early detection and treatment.

Our Approach at Gen Z Dentistry

At Gen Z Dentistry in Glendale, NY, we take a comprehensive approach to treating periodontal disease. Our skilled team of dentists and hygienists will assess your condition, perform a thorough examination, and create a personalized treatment plan tailored to your needs.

Treatment Options Include:

  • Scaling and Root Planing: This deep cleaning procedure removes plaque and tartar from below the gumline and smoothens the tooth roots to promote gum reattachment.
  • Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to control bacterial infection.
  • Laser Therapy: We utilize advanced laser technology to target and remove infected tissue while promoting healing and regeneration.
  • Surgical Intervention: For severe cases, surgical procedures such as flap surgery or bone grafting may be recommended to restore gum health and prevent tooth loss.

Periodontal disease is a serious condition that requires prompt attention and professional treatment. By understanding the types, symptoms, and importance of treatment, you can take proactive steps toward maintaining a healthy smile. At Gen Z Dentistry, we're dedicated to providing comprehensive periodontal care to our patients in Glendale, NY. Don't wait until it's too late – prioritize your oral health today.

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Fri: 9.00 AM to 2.00 PM

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